A-B Terms

A Acceptance - A buyer's or seller's agreement to enter into a contract and be bound by the terms of the offer. Additional Principal Payment - A payment made by a borrower of more than the scheduled principal amount due, in order to reduce the outstanding … [Read more...]

A-B Terms

Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM): A mortgage loan with payments usually lower than a fixed rate initially, but is subject to changes in interest rates. There are a variety of ARMs that can have an initial interest rate that lasts three to 10 years, adjusting annually thereafter. They are described as … [Read more...]

C, D, E, F Terms

Cap: A limit, such as that placed on an adjustable rate mortgage, on how much a monthly payment or interest rate can increase or decrease. COFI: Acronym for 11th District Cost of Funds Index, a common index to which loans are tied. The COFI is tied to interest paid on savings … [Read more...]

G, H, I , J, L, M Terms

Ginnie Mae: A government-owned corporation overseen by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Ginnie Mae pools FHA-insured and VA-guaranteed loans to back securities for private investment. Like Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the investment income provides funding that may then be lent … [Read more...]

N, O, P Terms

Negative amortization: When the payment on a loan is less than the interest that accrues on the principal. The balance of interest owed is added to the total loan. Origination: The process of preparing, submitting, and evaluating a loan application; generally includes a credit check, verification … [Read more...]

Q-Z Terms

Refinancing: The act of paying off one loan by obtaining another. Refinancing is generally done to secure better loan terms, such as a lower interest rate. RESPA: The Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act is a 1974 law aimed at protecting consumers by requiring disclosures (including a Good Faith … [Read more...]

C Terms

C Call Option - A provision in a loan that gives the lender the right to accelerate the debt, and require for full payment of the loan immediately, at the end of a specified period or for specified reason. Cap - A provision of an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) that limits how much the interest … [Read more...]

D-E Terms

D Debt - An amount owed to another. See installment loan and revolving liability. Deed - The legal document conveying title to a property. Deed-In-Lieu - A deed given by a borrower to the lender to satisfy a debt and avoid foreclosure. Also called a "voluntary conveyance." Deed Of Trust … [Read more...]

H-I Terms

H Homeowner's Insurance (Hazard Insurance) - Insurance coverage that compensates for physical damage to a property from fire, wind, vandalism, or other hazards. The policy typically combines personal liability insurance and property hazard insurance coverage for a dwelling and its contents. See … [Read more...]

J-L Terms

J Joint Tenancy - A form of co-ownership that gives each tenant equal undivided interest and rights in the property, including the right of survivorship. Contrast with tenancy in common, tenancy by the entirety. Judgment - A decree by a court of law that one person, a debtor, is indebted to … [Read more...]